Varicose Vein

Overview

Varicose veins, also known as varicoses or varicosities, occur when your veins become enlarged, dilated, and overfilled with blood. Varicose veins are often painful and have a bluish-purple or red color. Often, varicose veins appear swollen and raised.

What Causes Varicose Vein?

Varicose veins occur when your vein isn't functioning properly. Veins have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backwards. When these valves fail, blood begins to collect in the vein rather than continuing toward your heart. Varicose veins often affect the legs because they are the farthest from the heart and gravity makes it harder for the blood to flow upward.

Best Varicose Vein Treatment / Doctor in KolkataSome potential causes for varicose veins include:

. chronic heart valve conditions, which are usually congenital
. pregnancy
. menopause
. standing for long periods of time
. pressure on the midsection of the body, especially the abdomen
. obesity, which adds weight to the body and increases the pressure on the legs



What Are the Symptoms of Varicose Vein?

The primary symptom of varicose veins is highly visible, misshapen veins, usually on the legs. You may also have pain, swelling, heaviness, and aches in the legs.

In some cases, you can have swelling, discoloration, or ulcers around your ankles, too.